Passover (Pesach) – Unleavened Bread
- When I See the Blood I Will Pass Over You -
Table of Contents
Overview | The Feast of Passover
The 14th of Nissan (on the Biblical calendar), is when we enter into the glorious season memorializing the Passover in Egypt 3,500 years ago when Israel, Yahveh’s (the LORD’s) chosen people, were spared death because of the lamb’s blood that was placed over the door posts and lintels of their homes (Exodus 12:7). The original Passover with Moses was a foreshadowing of our ultimate Passover Lamb and Deliverer, Yahshua the Messiah. (Yahshua’s original Hebrew name means: Yahveh Saves). Yahveh’s name is magnified as the covenant keeping Elohim (God) as proclaimed in Exodus 6:6-7. He sovereignly promised to deliver and redeem His people, to bring them safely into the Promised Land where He will be their Elohim (God) and they will be His people forever. Yahshua (Jesus) is encouraging us all to celebrate, in obedience to His Father’s ordinances, the Feast of Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The following will be a simple yet adequate instruction to help you participate in these “appointed times of Yahveh.” As we learn about these Biblical “Holy Days”, Yahveh (the LORD) magnifies His holy character and eternal plan of redemption through His Son, our Passover Lamb.
The Fulfillment of Passover - Yahshua's Death
In truth and in deed Messiah is the fulfillment of all the holy feasts of Israel. Our Savior was born in order that He would die as our Passover Lamb shedding His sacrificial holy blood for the covering and removal of our sins. YAHveh’s word proclaims, “Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins” (Hebrews 9:22). This is the Heavenly Father’s infinite magnificent love compelling Him to send His “only begotten Son” to die in our place that we might live with Him forever in His eternal glorious kingdom. YAHshua’s (Jesus’s) death was the fulfillment of the holy Feast of Passover. What is commonly known as the “Last Supper” was a Passover Seder, (the biblically prescribed commemorated meal with which Passover begins). Messiah and His twelve Jewish disciples were celebrating the Passover reflecting and remembering the miracle of the lamb’s blood placed on the doorposts of their forefather’s homes which caused the angel of death to see the blood, spare their lives, and deliver them from Egyptian bondage.
At this most important history changing Passover YAHshua was making known to His disciples then, and to future generations of Jews and Gentiles in all nations, that He is the sacrificial Lamb whose blood covers sin in all repentant hearts, sparing them from eternal death. HALLELUYAH to the Lamb of YAHveh who’s blood takes away the sin of the world! Our Savior in essence was saying, “From now on when you take this unleavened bread and this cup of wine you will do this in remembrance of the original Passover lamb’s body and blood fulfilled by the final sacrifice of My life as your ultimate Passover Lamb. In doing so you will remember the love of My Father to give a sacrifice—My life, that you might be delivered from bondage to your sin nature, the prince of this world Satan, and the wages of sin which is eternal death. “For God (YAHveh) so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16).
The Almighty One of Israel prophesied through the prophet Isaiah more than 700 years prior, of His suffering Son who would be our sacrificial Lamb, “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. All of us like sheep have gone astray… But YAHveh (the LORD) has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him… Like a lamb that is led to slaughter… So He did not open His mouth. By oppression and judgment He was taken away… He was cut off out of the land of the living For the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due…But YAHveh was pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as a guilt offering…Because He poured out Himself to death…He Himself bore the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:5-6,8,10,12)
The New Covenant in Yahshua's Blood
Additionally and equally important at the Passover Seder (the Last Supper) YAHshua (Jesus) proclaimed, "This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood” (Luke 22:20). He was revealing to His Jewish disciples that this was the fulfillment of His Father’s promise through the prophet Jeremiah over six hundred years prior. “The days are coming,” declares YAHveh, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt… “This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time,” declares YAHveh. “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people” (Jeremiah 31:31-33). This was reiterated through the book of Hebrews, with this addition, “Their sins and lawless acts I will remember no more” (see Hebrews 10:16-17). In addition, and as YAHveh (the LORD) said, "when I see the blood I will pass over you." As long as we are holy to YAHveh, He will protect us as a hen would protect her chicks — guarding them from harm and danger. As the Israelites were warned not to go outside, lest they perish, so too must we stay under the blood of YAHshua (Jesus) with our sins repented for as this is the only place of safety.
A special note: After Israel received the Commandments YAHveh asked her to construct the ark to house them. In the last days the prophet Jeremiah prophesied, 'The ark of the covenant of YAHveh.' And it will not come to mind, nor will they remember it, nor will they miss it, nor will it be made again” (Jeremiah 3:16) because the ark is the throne of YAHveh in the hearts of His people that house His ark and everything that was housed in it! The redeemed heart is now the dwelling place of YAHshua (Jesus) by His spirit as well as the place where He has written His Fathers Commandments “…behold, the kingdom of God is within you” (Luke 17:21 KJV). The Old Covenant was written on tablets of stone, but the New Covenant, through YAHshua’s once and for all sacrifice, is written on the hearts and minds of all redeemed so they, by His spirit of truth and empowering grace, will not sin against Him. So when we take of this privileged, sacred, intimate communion with our Savior we are remembering that He is the ultimate Passover Lamb whose body hung on the execution stake for all sinners as He died to take our place. We are to rightfully discern the body of YAHshua, “For as often as [we] eat this bread and drink the cup, [we] proclaim the Master’s death until He comes. Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Master in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of [YAHshua]. But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly” (1Corinthians 11:26-29). We are to take communion with wholehearted reverential awe as we behold, honor and uphold our Lamb’s sacrificial holy blood that covers all our repentant sin and delivers us from eternal death.
Perfecting Holiness in the Fear of Yahveh
Messiah died after only six hours rather than the usual three days on the stake. He had a limited time in which to be buried, in order to sovereignly fulfill the second spring feast, the Feast of Unleavened Bread (see Leviticus 23:6 and 1Corinthians 5:7-8). The Feast of Unleavened Bread starts the day after Passover “for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread” (Leviticus 23:6). We have a new beginning through the death of our Passover Lamb. “Therefore if anyone is in Messiah, he is a new creation; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come” (2 Corinthians 5:17 esv). We are now to live as new creations as apostle Paul (Sha’ul) said, “knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin” (Romans 6:6). The reality of being crucified with our Passover Lamb is again magnified in apostle Paul’s words, "I have been crucified with Messiah; and it is no longer I who live, but Messiah lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me” (Galatians 2:20). “May it never be that I would boast, except in the cross of our Master YAHshua Messiah, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world” (Galatians 6:14).
This feast symbolizes our walks as new creations who are wholeheartedly “working out our salvation with fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12) by daily purging out our leaven-sin (symbolized in the seven days of eating unleavened bread). “How will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation?” (Hebrews 2:3). We are to walk like YAHshua (Jesus) and as Apostle Paul said, “…I implore you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called” (Ephesians 4:1). Paul’s words in 1Corinthians 5:6-8 refer to the Feast of Unleavened Bread, “Don’t you know that a little bit of sin works through the whole batch (our redeemed life). Get rid of the old yeast (sin), so that you may be a new unleavened batch−as you really are (a born again new creation in the spirit!). For Messiah, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Let us therefore celebrate the feast…” “Let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of YAHveh” (2 Corinthians 7:1).
“As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance, but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; because it is written, "YOU SHALL BE HOLY, FOR I AM HOLY. For YAHveh (the LORD) impartially judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth; knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Messiah.” (1 Peter 1:14-19)
With the Feast of Unleavened Bread, YAHveh (the LORD) is pointing out that we have been set free and delivered from bondage as the children of Israel were in order to worship and serve Him in “spirit and in truth”. The Passover Lamb died to deliver and redeem us to be true worshippers and children of the Most High. We are to reflect Him, by His spirit in and through us, in holy conduct, words and deeds to the glory of His Father. As His children, we are making pilgrimage to the Promised Land, which is His Eternal Holy Kingdom, the blessed hope of all the redeemed who are longingly looking up and “waiting for Him” (Hebrews 9:28 NIV).
Highlighting Passover's Food Elements & Symbolism
To begin the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread, each household will benefit by responding to Yahveh’s words in Exodus 13:7 by removing all yeast products from their homes, putting them aside for eight days. This obedient act will heighten your awareness of the importance of ridding ones life of sin (leaven). Eating unleavened bread (matzos) for eight days, instead of the usual bread and yeast products, will deeply impress upon your heart the need to walk in a righteous (sinless) manner upholding the blood of the Lamb poured out for your redemption.
Passover Seders (meals) vary because of different man-made traditions, but the central elements and Biblical ordinances do not change. To actively participate in the Passover teaching and Seder you will need a few basic food products. To keep things simple we will adhere to the Biblically prescribed foods of the Passover as seen in Exodus 12:8. They are: roasted lamb, unleavened bread (matzos), Bitter herbs (white horseradish). Before the Seder, place on each person’s plate roasted lamb, a matzah, and a little white horseradish for the bitter herbs.
The Four Cups & their Symbolic Remembrances
To highlight the precious blood of the Passover Lamb, have a pitcher of grape juice and a glass for each person. The four cups of grape juice will be used as symbolic remembrances of Yahveh’s promises in Exodus 6:6-7 and the Last Passover called the Last Supper when Yahshua (Jesus) took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” (Luke 22:20)
CUP 1. The first cup is called the cup of sanctification — “I Will Bring You Out.” (Exodus 6:6)
As we take this first cup, it prepares us for the Passover by separating us from the world and its preoccupations, focusing our attention on the reality of Yahveh’s (the LORD’s) holiness and on our need to be holy through the blood of the Lamb’s cleansing delivering power.
CUP 2. The second cup is called the cup of deliverance — “I Will Deliver You.” (Exodus 6:6)
Israel was delivered from bondage to Pharaoh in Egypt and we, The Redeemed, have been delivered from bondage to Satan and this doomed world system through the blood of Yahshua (Jesus) the Passover Lamb. In drinking this cup of grape juice let us wholeheartedly thank Yahveh for His promise in 1 Thessalonians 5:9, “For Yahveh did not appoint us to suffer wrath (as the Egyptians did) but to receive salvation through our master Yahshua, the Messiah.” (Take turns reading the exodus story, chapter 12:1-42. Then read the account of Yahshua’s last passover supper in Matthew 26:17-29.)
CUP 3. The third cup is called the cup of redemption — “I Will Redeem You” (Exodus 6:6)
This cup is most significant as it is the point in the Last Passover (Supper) where Yahshua (Jesus) broke the bread (matzah) and gave it to His disciples and said, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood” (Luke 22:19-20 - This is the origin of communion and the time to take communion if you feel led). Each person should take some lamb, matzah, and bitter herbs, remembering the bitterness of bondage to Satan and our sinful nature. Give thanks and rejoice that Yahshua (Jesus) became our Passover Lamb and shed His blood on the tree of Calvary to cover our hearts from repented sins (leaven) that we will be spared eternal death because of His sacrificial blood.
CUP 4. The fourth cup is often called the cup of praise pertaining to the completion of Yahveh’s sovereign promises in Exodus 6:7
“I Will Take You For My People and I Will Be Your Elohim (God)” and I Will Bring You to the Land I Promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. It is the cup of utmost praise for all that Yahveh has done by giving His “only begotten Son” as our Passover Lamb.
Passover's Conclusion Celebration
To conclude your Passover celebration, we have the example of Yahshua and the disciples after that last Passover Supper “After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.” Psalms 113-118 are called the Hallel Psalms - Psalms of praising the Mighty One of Israel by His holy name, Yahveh (Exodus 3:15). Join in this time of praise by reading one or more of the Hallel Psalms.
May His glory fall upon you as you celebrate Yahveh’s holy days, His “appointed times”. May He transform you from glory to glory as you behold Yahshua the Lamb who was slain and “raised from the dead as the first fruits” promising resurrection for those who are redeemed by His blood (1Corinthians 15:20-23).
As previewed in the first Passover in Egypt, Yahveh proclaimed many times throughout the entire scripture that He will once again pour out His final and greatest judgments on Satan and all the gods and godless ones of the entire world (Exodus 12:12, Isaiah 24, Revelation 8). When Yahveh (the LORD) sees our sins (leaven) removed through the blood of the Lamb covering our humble repentant hearts, then in sovereign mercy His final judgment of eternal death will pass over us. Praise be to Yahveh who has caused us to triumph over eternal death through Yahshua the Messiah our Passover Lamb!
The Mighty One of Israel will bring both the redeemed Jews and Gentiles as “one new man” (Ephesians 2:16) into His eternal promised land. He is Yahveh, the covenant keeping great “I AM” who is worthy of a holy people who will continually exalt and highly esteem the blood sacrifice of His Son – our Passover Lamb!
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Want to learn even more about the Biblical Feasts of Israel? Check out Terrye G. Seedman's book "Redefining the Feasts of Israel Through the Ten Commandments." The Holy Days pivot around the Ten Commandments, these were appointed times to meet with Him that would help them to walk by His spirit’s leading in these Commandments. Indeed, there would be no feasts if it was not for the Ten Commandments and the penalty of sin for not upholding them and there would be no need of Messiah. The Ten Commandments point us to Him and YAHshua the schoolmaster points us to the truth so we can walk in a way worthy of everything that He has taught us to be. “Not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.” (2 Corinthians 3:6) This book unlocks truths from Yahveh's divine Ten Commandments to redefine the true meaning and fulfillment of the holy Feasts of Israel. Simply, the divinely appointed times, the feast days, pivot around the blood on the altar of sacrifice—on the mercy seat, for the forgiveness of sin and sin points us back to the Commandments. Therefore every feast is exalting the Commandments of YAHveh, exalting our Lamb who came and died because we can’t uphold the Commandments without His help. They are inextricably linked. You can’t separate the feasts from the Commandments and you cannot separate the Lamb of God who is the ultimate fulfillment of the holy temple, priesthood, and the sacrificial system’s substitutionary sacrifice for our sin nature. Learn all of this and more in this powerful book about Yahveh's divine commandments and holy feasts.
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